Energy Facts |

Facts & Figures

Population

Ethiopia’s population is growing fast, with 2.62 p.a., over the past years. As result of this population growth the demand for local infrastructure has been steadily increasing, and especially for electricity generation and distribution.

Ethiopia
109
million
Germany
81
million

Source: World Bank (2018)

Country Surface

Ethiopia and Germany are among the biggest countries in their respective regions. Ethiopia is the 10th largest country on the African continent, Ethiopia’s surface exceeds Germany’s by more than three times. This brings along challenges for energy infrastructure, but also potential for distributed energy solutions, for which Germany has significant experience to share.

Ethiopia
1104300
Square kilometre
Germany
357168
Square kilometre

Source: World Bank (2018)

CO2 Emissions per Capita

Ethiopia and Germany have committed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement. Both countries have a clear interest in supporting the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions: Germany’s emission level is decreasing, but still high, while Ethiopia develop and follows a green economy strategy and strongly committed and concerned by the consequences of climate change (drought, desertification). The two countries are thus cooperating within international frameworks to promote CO-2 emissions reduction.

Ethiopia
4.4
tons/capita
Germany
8.2
tons/capita

Sources:

Ethiopia: IEA 2017

Germany: IEA 2018

Electricity production Capacity

Ethiopia’s electricity production capacity is significantly lower, considering the electric energy sources potential and its population of over 110 million. Even though Ethiopia's abundant electricity potential, it is estimated up to 60 GW and is the highest in Africa, the current production is only 4.3 GW thus only 7% is being utilised.

Ethiopia
4.3
GW installed
Germany
204
GW installed

Solar Irradiation

Ethiopia’s and Germany solar irradiation is similar. Giving its high potential for energy production from solar energy, Ethiopia is pursuing ambitious plans to harness this potential by large and medium scale solar energy projects through private sector. This brings along implementation challenges, but also potential for distributed energy solutions, for which Germany has significant experience to share.

Ethiopia
1900
per sqm per year
Germany
1200
per sqm per year

Renewable Energy Targets 2030

Ethiopia and German are a leading countries of renewable energy generation, Ethiopia is generating more than 95% of electricity from a renewable energy source, mainly large hydro power. Germany has managed to increase steadfastly its renewable electricity generation. The integration of increasing shares of variable renewable energy sources into the system and power grids is an example of lessons learned that Germany has to share. Ethiopia is pursuing ambitious renewable energy generation targets and has considerably increased power generation and transmission from renewable energy within the next few years.

Ethiopia
100 %
of gross electricity consumption
Germany
65 %
of gross electricity consumption

Sources:

Ethiopia: Ethiopian National Electrification Program 2019

Germany: BMWi